Promoter of military medicine
Country of origin: Russia
Associated place in Tartu: corner of Kalevi and Soola streets
Lived in Tartu: 1828–1832, 1836–1841
My residence and presence in Tartu did not last long and didn’t cost me much. 200 roubles per year for a four-room apartment and 10-12 roubles for board per month. I could have paid more for food, and I did do that, but then only the quantity increased and not the quality.
Photo: National Archives, EFA.275.0.47017
The young Nikolai Pirogov came to Tartu from Moscow University to serve at the socalled professors’ institute founded at the university. He was asked to stay and accept a position as professor of surgery. Pirogov was the first to use ether anaesthesia on the battlefield in 1847 and developed a mask for anaesthesia. For treating bone fractures, he adopted use of a starch dressing and then a plaster one. Pirogov developed principles of triage of the wounded and
introduced nurses to the battlefield. In 1862, a surgery performed by Italian national hero Giuseppe Garibaldi’s leg was successful, saving it from amputation.